A hormone (thyroxine), which is produced by the gland located under the larynx (thyroid), acts as a regulator for (among other things) body temperature. metabolism and heart rate. It can get bad when the thyroid is working too little or too much. Reasons for poor thyroid function can include genetics, pregnancy, stress, nutritional deficiencies, and toxins in the environment, but the experts don’t have all the answers yet.
According to the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, at least 30 million Americans have thyroid disease, while half of the cases are not even diagnosed with the condition. Women are ten times more susceptible to thyroid problems.
What are the symptoms of thyroid problems?
Here are some symptoms that indicate that you should check the functioning of your thyroid:
You are fearful and impatient
These feelings can be linked to an overactive thyroid, when the thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormones. Flooded with hormones, your body may feel like it is in “fifth gear”. There is also the possibility of rapid weight loss in hyperthyroidism.
Changes in appetite and taste of food
Increased appetite can be a sign of an overactive thyroid, as too much thyroid hormones can make you feel hungry all the time. On the other hand, the delayed function of the thyroid gland can change the taste and smell of food.
You are too excited
Perhaps the feeling of excitement you have is a result of the accelerated heartbeat. You may feel like your heart is beating or beating too fast or too hard. It feels in the chest or when you tap the pulsating points on the throat or neck. The heartbeat can be a sign of an overactive thyroid.
You feel exhausted
Feeling tired can be linked to numerous medical conditions, but it is strongly linked to hypothyroidism, a disorder that occurs due to low secretion of thyroid hormones. If you feel tired as soon as you wake up, even if you’ve slept well all night, it may mean that the thyroid gland is not working well enough.
Feelings of sadness and lethargy can also be associated with symptoms of low thyroid hormone secretion. Thyroid hormones can have an influence on the secretion of the “happiness hormone”. Serotonin in the brain.
It can be a cause of lack of sleep or aging, but cognitive function can seriously interfere with poor thyroid function. High hormone levels can make it difficult to concentrate, while too little thyroid hormone can cause “holes” in your memory and make you forget things. Women often mistakenly attribute these symptoms to menopause.
Low sex drive
Little or not little interest in sex life may be a result of the disruption of the work of the thyroid gland. Low hormone levels can cause low libido, but the cumulative effect of the symptoms of hypothyroidism – obesity, lack of energy, pain in the body – also plays a big role.
Dry peeling skin can be a sign of an underactive thyroid. Changes in skin texture and appearance are linked to slower metabolism, which in turn can reduce sweating. The skin becomes dry and the nails can become rough and bumpy.
The work of the intestine is unpredictable
People with hypothyroidism sometimes complain of constipation. On the other hand, excessive production of thyroid hormones can cause diarrhea or frequent bowel movements.
Disturbed menstrual cycle (in women)
Long periods and increased pain can be signs of an underactive thyroid. A shorter time between two menstrual periods can also be observed. In hyperthyroidism, the bleeding is milder and shorter and the interval between the two menstrual periods is greater.
Painful limbs or muscles
If you suddenly have a feeling of numbness or pain in your hands, legs, feet, or hands, it could be a sign of an underactive thyroid. Over time, insufficient levels of thyroid hormones can damage the nerves in the brain and spinal cord that send signals throughout the body. The result is an unexplained tingling sensation in the limbs and numbness.
high blood pressure
This can also be a sign of thyroid dysfunction. The same goes for hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Impaired regulation of body temperature
The feeling of cold is associated with hypothyroidism, while people with hyperthyroidism experience the opposite symptoms – sometimes they feel too hot and sweat excessively.
Strange feeling in the neck
Changes in your voice or the feeling of a lump in your throat are linked to poor thyroid function. Examine your neck and see if you have any signs of thyroid swelling.
Watch your neck while you drink water and see if there are any bumps in the area of the gland below the larynx.
Are you tired all the time? Could be an underactive thyroid because your lazy thyroid is slowing down your body functions. You can not sleep? Could be hyperthyroidism. Excessive work of the thyroid gland can lead to insomnia and increase the heart rate, making it difficult to sleep.
Your hair is falling out
Dry, brittle hair can be a sign of an underactive thyroid. Very low levels of hormones hinder the hair growth cycle, which can lead to hair loss. An overactive gland also has a bad impact on your hearing.
You can’t get pregnant (for women)
Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism affect ovulation. So, if you’ve been trying to get pregnant for a long time without success, you might want to have your thyroid checked.
High cholesterol levels that are unresponsive to diet, exercise, or medication are linked to an underactive thyroid. Untreated hypothyroidism can lead to heart problems, including enlarged heart and heart attack.