Viscusi says that puffy eyes or excessive fluid retention in the periorbital area can be caused by everyday changes in our lifestyle. Some factors can include seasonal allergies, high sodium diets, excessive alcohol consumption, crying, and lack of sleep.
It is important to note that there is also a difference between puffy eyes and “bags” under the eyes that develop with age. The extent to which you develop bags under the eyes can depend on your genetics, but it can also be a sign of underlying genetic or medical conditions, such as thyroid disease or inflammatory diseases. “It is important to consult your dermatologist to determine the cause in your particular circumstances,” says Viscusi. “In most patients, bags under the eyes are the result of natural maturity and gravitational changes in the underlying anatomy: A weakening of the structural support from our muscles, bones and ligaments causes the anatomical ‘fat pads’ to protrude under our eyes. These changes combine with sun damage and collagen loss due to aging, hydration and firmness of the overlying skin lead to the development of bags under the eyes and fine lines and wrinkles in that area. “
How you treat your puffy eyes, however, may depend on the cause. Viscusi highlighted a few for us below: